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You can use a ftp or file transfer protocol program to transfer or publish your files to the web server hosting your site. A popular ftp program is WS_FTP LE (free for non-commercial use, the LE link is at the bottom of that page). This page assumes you are using that program. You tell WS_FTP LE where your files are on your hard drive, where you want them put on the web server, and your login account and password on the server; the program copies the files to the server.

Setting Up WS_FTP LE

1. Start the program going through the Start menu in the Task bar. A window called Session Properties will be open.

2. If the General tab is not selected, click on that tab. See the system administrator of the web server that will host your site for help in entering the following information.

bulletEnter the title of your web site in the Profile Name field.

bulletEnter the name of the web server in the Host Name/Address field (see the system administrator of the server for help with this).

bulletEnter UNIX(standard) in the Host Type field.

bulletEnter your server login name in the User ID field (see the system administrator of the server for help with this).

bulletEnter your server password in the Password field (see the system administrator of the server for help with this).

bulletIf you are using a dedicated computer in which you are the only user, click on the Save PWD check box so you won't have to enter your password each time you use the program. If other people share your computer, do not click on the PWD box.

Click on the Startup tab and enter information about your hard drive folder that contain your web site, and about your server login directory that will receive your web site (see the system administrator of the server for help with this).

bulletIn the Initial Remote Host Directory, enter the path on the server to your login account. For example, that path might look like following, where abc1234 is your login account on the server.

 /student/abc1234

See the system administrator of the server for the actual path to your account.

bulletIn the Initial Local Directory, enter the path to the hard drive folder containing the home page of your site. Do not include the name of your home page in this path.

bulletClick OK to have the program create the session for your web site. In the future as you use WS_FTP with your web site, select that session.

Using WS_FTP LE

 Notice that the WS_FTP LE window is split into two smaller windows. The left window displays the files in your hard drive. The right window displays the files in your server login directory.

  1. Transfer files from your hard drive to the server by clicking on the files in the left window to select the files to be transferred, and then clicking on the "right pointing arrow" that is between the two windows. If you want to transfer more than one file at a time, hold down the <Ctrl> button while you click on the files. After the files have been transferred to the server, you will see them in the right window.

  2. Notice that at the top of the two windows, there is a "green arrow" pointing upwards (it is followed by two dots). You can double click on those arrows to go up the directory-tree, much as you do with the Windows 95 Explore program.

  3. Notice that to the right of each window, there are buttons to allow you to perform the following functions.

    ChgDir Change to a different directory
    MkDir Make or create a new directory
    Rename Rename a directory or a file
    Delete Delete a directory or a file. Directories must be empty.
    Refresh Update the list of directories and files shown in the window
    DirInfo Get a list of the files in a directory without having to go to that directory


  4. If you don't transfer files or refresh a window for several minutes, the network connection used by the program will time out, and you will have to close the session and reopen it.

You're In Charge

 Remember that it is your responsibility to insure that all files in your web site are transferred to to the proper directories on the web server.

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Copyright 1998, 2011 Allen Leigh